My chapter on Nova Scotia Gaelic, published in the book Celts in the Americas, describes the current state of the Gaelic language and the Gaelic community in Nova Scotia, based on a year of informal participant observation; applies the latest tools and concepts from the sociology of language (Fishman’s GIDS), applied linguistics (the expanded GIDS and ethnolinguistic vitality) and linguistic anthropology (language ideology, language socialization, communities of practice) to assess just how endangered the Nova Scotia Gaelic community is; determines how effective current and recent revitalization efforts have been; and makes recommendations about revitalization priorities for the near future from an advocate’s point of view.